In the northern corner of the South Island’s West Coast, sits Paparoa National Park. One of 14 National Parks in the New Zealand, Paparoa is most noted for the impressive blow holes carved by millennia of waves crashing onto a section of the rugged coastline at Dolomite Point.
When a south-westerly swell whips the ocean into a frenzy at high tide, Mother Nature puts on a powerful display of force firing water high into the air above those lucky enough to be stood watching on the walkway below.
Bordered by a lush coastal forest, limestone cliffs, canyons and miles of unspoilt sands, there’s reason enough to explore this region of the West Coast for its beauty alone.
Yet our recent visit unearthed a rather more adventurous reason to place Paparoa on your South island itinerary.
Te Ananui Caves
Awash with natural formations that appear surrealist in design, Paparoa’s landscape is underpinned by vast blocks of limestone that are responsible for the park’s unique appeal.
While forest birds such as tui, korimako and kereru migrate seasonally between coastal and upland forests, creatures of the underworld lurk beneath in a maze of limestone caves.
Over 8km of shafts, tunnels and caverns wend their way through three levels of limestone high in the hills above the park, before escaping the darkness at river level below. Off limits to anyone without a certified caving certificate and a permit from the Department of Conservation, few have explored inside the system aptly nicknamed The Metro.
Underworld adventures in Te Ananui
Clad in vibrant orange neoprene and sporting a yellow hard hat I step off the bus and out into the lush surrounds of the Paparoa countryside.
Not a sentence I had envisaged ever writing, yet it perfectly describes the beginning of my underworld adventure.
Accessible via a short train ride through the lush forested flats of the National Park, The Metro welcomes just a handful of intrepid explores into its depths each day. Operating out of the small town of Charleston, Underworld Adventures offers the opportunity to explore a world shut off from the one in which we live.
A world in which light has no place.
A world deep underground.
An experience of two parts I am to join the team of the Underworld Rafting Tour. A half day experience which combines caving with white water tubing.
After a brief train ride and a 15 minute hike to the entrance of The Metro anxiety sets in.
I’ve never been at my best in confined spaces and the thought of navigating the 2km route underground has set my heart pounding, so much so that I can feel it shuddering in my chest.
The lively chatter that had followed us through the forest subsides as we reach the entrance.
Protected by a locked gate, to restrict entry to only those with the necessary equipment and certifications, panic washes over me momentarily when the guide turns the lock behind us.
Talk inevitably turns to catastrophe underground, news stories are recalled and gruesome horror movie plots involving caving descents retold. This does nothing to calm my nerves.
However on taking my first few steps into the darkness curiosity prevails and very soon I’m so engaged in the alien world that my heart rate returns to a more sedate pace.
Navigating the Metro Cave
Climbing through what was once solid limestone the path ahead is littered with rock formations, gargantuan boulders and calcium deposits.
Water drips from the ceiling, trickling down giant white stalactites and dropping into puddles that have etched away at the rock floor. In its natural state the cave has not been customised for the tour, other than a rope delineating the path we must follow it remains unaffected by the outside world.
Moving further into the cave the light that was illuminating the entrance behind us slowly retreats, until without warning the darkness swallows us whole. The beam of light from the torch on my hard hat illuminates the limestone and calcium structures that dominate our path and we continue on deeper underground.
Cavernous spaces appear at the end of narrow paths, water trickles down increasingly intricate organic calcium forms and the walls undulate in and out like the banks of a flowing river.
Following the old river bed
As we reach the lower level of the cave it becomes evident that flood water breaches this area of the route and my nerves kick in again as my imagination kicks into overdrive.
‘It was raining when we entered the cave, maybe the river level is rising and we’ll all be washed away by a wall of rushing water.’
Despite fearing my imagination would manifest disaster, no wall of water came and we continued descending until at I heard the recognisable sound of flowing water. The gentle trickling kind, not the rushing wall kind.
In reality safety is of the highest order for the team at Underworld Adventures.
With experienced and qualified guides and a mandate to cancel excursions should the river exceed a recommended level, they mitigate the risk of encountering high levels of water underground.
Star gazing underground
I’ve failed to mention that throughout the tour I’ve been carrying with me a giant rubber tube, which looks suspiciously like it used to be inside a truck tyre in a previous life. The practicality of carrying a large tube through an underground cave system may not be immediately apparent, however bear with me, I’ll reveal all in just a moment.
Our guide throws down her tube and the noise sends a shock wave of sound through the cave. A thunderous explosion it terrifies the stuffing out of me and I almost expect the ceiling to fall in on my head.
Of course the ceiling remains stock still although my heart continues to race.
Laying my tube in the shallow water at my feet I am instructed to sit with my legs and arms laying over the edges. As each member of our underworld team follows suit we link up in a chain, each person tucking a pair of feet under their arms.
A train of orange neoprene and rubber tubes we float away from the rock. All of a sudden I realise I haven’t seen a way out of the cavern in front. Our guide instructs us to turn off our headlights and we are plunged into darkness once more.
Drifting beneath the night sky
Reaching up above my head I can feel a shallow ceiling.
We are floating through a tunnel.
Just as my heart rate begins to pick up speed again a million tiny stars appear overhead. A pattern of celestial forms they twinkle against the jet black sky…and then I realise, they are not stars but glow worms.
We have emerged into a glow worm grotto!
The thunderous noise from earlier was a way to rouse them from their slumber. The vibrations mimicking the movement of the bugs they feed on, and thus acting as an incentive to increase the intensity of light they omit.
Said to be the best display of glow worms anywhere in New Zealand, this element of the trip is worth braving the depths of The Metro’s underground maze, even if you have to hold hands with your anxiety the entire way through.
Tubing the Nile River
Floating beneath the blanket of tiny lights we are carried through the remainder of the Te Ananui cave system by the current, and soon arrive at the Nile River. Daylight bursts through the opening as the water level drops and we are grounded momentarily.
Collecting our tubes and walking the few metres to the main flow of the river we are launched out into the white water and carried by the current once more.
With instructions to keep my buttocks within the tube but above the waterline I do my best to navigate the rapids without receiving a river rock smack to my behind.
Safely ashore, adrenaline coursing through my veins, I leave my tube by the river and walk back to the train.
An adventure like no other during my stay here in New Zealand my Underworld Adventure is one that I’ll not soon forget.
Fusing adrenaline with the concept of exploration in a pristine environment of incredible natural beauty, the team at Underworld Adventures offer a unique experience that is well worth deviating to Paparoa National Park for.
Thanks to New Zealand Wild & Underworld Adventures for permission to utilise their photography from Te Ananui and Paparoa National Park.
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